medical marijuana

Indica vs Sativa: Understanding the Differences Between The Two

Medical marijuana in Calgary can be used to treat a wide variety of conditions. But it is important to understand that there are different strains of cannabis, and each strain has a different effect on you. You will have to find the right mixture to help you with your condition.

Understanding the Basics of the Cannabis Plant

The cannabis plant is a complex creation that has many compositions that come together. It is part of the Cannabaceae family, which is part of the Cannabis genus and has many subspecies, including Sativa, Indica, Spontanea and Ruderalis. Although there are four varieties, two of them are more popular than the rest: Indica and Sativa.

These two subspecies are noted for their active cannabinoids compounds – THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (Cannabidiol). It is these two cannabinoids which create the desired effect when consuming medical marijuana. But both are significantly different from each other.

THC interacts directly with the body’s endocannabinoid system and is responsible for the “high” response that most people associate with marijuana. CBD, on the other hand, modulates other receptors and can neutralize the psychoactive effects of THC. It works on another level to assist people with their medical ailments.

Therefore, it is essential to know which cannabinoid you need more when it comes to treating your medical ailments; and in turn, which strain will work for you: Sativa or Indica.

Each strain has its range of effects on the body and mind resulting in a wide range of medicinal benefits. Understanding the difference between the two is essential in finding the right medical marijuana strain for each patient.


medical cannabis

Indica vs Sativa: Know The Differences

Cannabis Indica

How does the plant look like? Typically, cannabis Indica plants are shorter, bushy plants with wider leaves than Sativa plants. They tend to grow faster and have a higher yield of return.

What makes it special? Without question, the main component of Indica plant is that it has higher levels of CBD and lower counts of THC. It is significant for many medical marijuana products and can be used for the management of chronic pain, inflammation and the treatment of several neurological disorders and mental health conditions.

The major qualities of Indica medicinal strains include:

  • Muscle and mental relaxation
  • Decreases acute pain
  • Decreases nausea
  • Increases appetite
  • Increases dopamine (a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain’s reward and pleasure centre – making you help happy)

Cannabis Sativa

How does the plant look like? The Sativa plant is the polar opposite of the Indica. It’s tall, thin and has narrow leaves, with a generally a lighter shade of green. Growing it takes more time as it requires more light.

What makes it special? Sativa is known for its lower CBD and higher THC counts. It can be used for a range of medical conditions, including chronic pain, glaucoma, low appetite, nausea, and mental issues, such as anxiety and depression.

The major qualities of Sativa medicinal strains include:

  • Providing relief from anxiety and depression
  • Treats chronic pain
  • Increases focus and creativity
  • Increases serotonin (a neurotransmitter involved in the regulation of learning, mood, sleep, stress and appetite)

However, unlike CBD, THC has psychiatric side effects – the “high” we mentioned before. It is why patients look towards CBD based medical marijuana in Calgary.

Find Which Medical Marijuana Product Works For You

Depending on your ailment, it is important to speak to a professional at a cannabis clinic in Calgary. After a physical consultation from a highly experienced physician to determine your eligibility for medical cannabis, who will be prescripted medical marijuana to help you with your condition.

However, follow-ups will be required to determine if that particular strain will work for you and help you with your condition. Speak to your professional until you find the right product for you.

MD Cannabis Clinic is a cannabis clinic in Calgary striving to serve all patients with an educational and efficient approach. Medical marijuana can help with a variety of ailments from chronic pain to neurological and mental health. If you’re a candidate for a medical marijuana prescription, book an appointment with MD Cannabis Clinic today! Call us at (403)276-2777 or send an email to

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